Race, class, and ideology, claims Nancy MacLean, reduce to gender. More specifically, "concerns about gender and sexuality animated" the Klan of the s.
Its anti-Semitism was only symbolic, she thinks, for Jews "stood surrogate The KKK's antiblack racism was just as unreal and irrational: African-Americans were merely symbols of "the propertyless population" who threatened to symbolically undermine the Klansmen's shaky class position by raping their women Communism, hardly a threat in America, especially in the South, in the s, symbolized for Klansmen "a challenge to their dominion over the women of their group" As for the Klan's anti-Catholicism, "A wife and children were among the pieces of property a man had a right to control; the horror of Catholicism was its alleged interference with this control" These men felt that their traditional patriarchal position in society was being threatened by what they perceived as aggressive moves for economic and social equality by lower classes and a stranglehold on capital by those in the upper classes Behind the Mask is organized into three parts.
Part 1 provides the historical context for the resurgence of the Klan by describing in particular the economic and social conditions present in post-WWI, which included major accelerations in the expectations of different genders and races, mass social displacement.
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Part 2 describes the guiding principles of the Klan — how members interpreted and manipulated divisions among class, gender, and race, and how they employed terror tactics to enforce those interpretations. A notable achievement of this book is to describe and analyze Klan motivations objectively without becoming too sidetracked by emotion. The Klan is a touchy subject for Americans, showing as it does the worst aspects of our culture and history. But the fact remains that it did exist and wielded considerable influence for a significant portion of the inter-war years.
Behind the mask of chivalry: the making of the second Ku Klux Klan
She deconstructs this grand strategy into overarching methods — to replace class divisions with those of race Anglo-Saxon , gender paternalism , and religion Protestantism 97, As the Klan marketed its message nationwide through paid "kleagles" and Klan membership climbed into the millions, many groups came to resemble community fraternal organizations rather than bands of masked nightriders.
They sponsored public picnics, parade floats, and free speakers and for the members, of course, secret nighttime cross-burnings , and they promoted Klan sympathizers for political office.
Many eschewed violence, while yet fostering suspicion and prejudice toward local minority groups e. After its heyday in the mids, the Klan fueled its rapid demise through internal feuding, financial scandal, and the sensational murder trial of Grand Dragon D.
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By the Klan had virtually disappeared from the American political landscape, its membership less than 50, The Fiery Cross had self-immolated. Collected commentary on the Ku Klux Klan.
America’s Brush With Fascism
To provide an overview of the s Klan, this collection offers contemporary commentary from newspapers, magazines, Klan and anti-Klan publications, novels, political cartoons, and a sociological study. How did local communities and the nation as a whole respond to the phenomenon of the s Klan? Selections can be divided among students for research and classroom discussion. Political cartoons on the Ku Klux Klan. Sixteen cartoons on the Klan from general circulation white-owned and African American newspapers, and from Klan publications, are presented with guidance for analyzing and discussing the cartoons.
How did the publications differ in presenting the Klan? What did each find important to emphasize?
Behind the Mask of Chivalry - The Mason Historiographiki
Newsreel: Klan parade in Washington, DC , Footage includes marchers on Constitution Avenue and at the Washington Monument; at appears footage of women marchers. While some footage is repeated this is probably a draft version , the repetition is helpful for studying the marchers, their demeanor, costume, and signs, and the visual effect of their unmasked parade in the nation's capital.
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Renowned as the "cowboy-philosopher" of the s and s, Rogers began a nationally syndicated column of witty yet pungent news commentary in
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